美术作品:桑福德·R·吉福德_Sanford R. Gifford-伊士曼·约翰逊

美术作品作者:伊士曼·约翰逊(Eastman Johnson)

桑福德·r·吉福德_Sanford R. Gifford-伊士曼·约翰逊

桑福德·R·吉福德_Sanford R. Gifford-伊士曼·约翰逊插图(1)

美术作品名称:桑福德·R·吉福德

(Sanford R. Gifford)

美术作品作者:伊士曼·约翰逊(Eastman Johnson)

美术原作收藏国家:美国(United States)

原作收藏方所在城市:美国纽约,纽约(New York, New York)

原作收藏方:纽约州-纽约市-国家设计学院

National Academy of Design (United States – New York, New York)

艺术家创作时间:大约在19-20世纪

画家作画年龄:未知

作品原作尺寸:

高:67.31厘米(26.5英寸),宽度:56.52厘米(22.25英寸)

美术作品绘制材质:肖像油画 – 布面油画

赏析:

约翰逊对风景画家吉福德(Gifford)的细腻刻画是在吉福德去世的那年完成的。吉福德是他的朋友,也是他的邻居,住在曼哈顿下城第十街的工作室大楼里。它原本属于吉福德的遗孀,后来遗赠给吉福德最热心的赞助人之一理查德·巴特勒(Richard Butler),后者立即将它捐赠给大都会博物馆(Metropolitan Museum)。两人都是该博物馆的创始人。1881年,该博物馆举办了第一场专题展览,吉福德由此获得了机会。约翰逊对艺术家热情、沉思的刻画很可能是死后的;画中人平静而冷静的凝视中略带忧郁的安详,被明暗强烈的模棱两可划分得更加复杂了,似乎是在说明他的另一个亲密朋友所感知到的情感冲突,并在一篇致画家的悼词中透露出来:“他的性格……他平静而安详,依靠着自己内心的力量。那平静的水面表明了里面的水流有多深,它的水流、漩涡和漩涡经常把他从光亮中带走,带他到幽深的阴影里去。”

appreciate:

Johnson’s sensitive portrayal of the landscape painter Gifford, his friend and neighbor in the Tenth Street Studio Building, formerly in lower Manhattan, was executed in the year of Gifford’s death. Originally owned by Gifford’s widow, it was bequeathed to Richard Butler, one of Gifford’s most avid patrons, who instantly donated it to the Metropolitan Museum. Both men were founders of the Museum, which in 1881 accorded Gifford the first monographic show ever mounted by the institution. Johnson’s warm, ruminative characterization of the artist may well be posthumous; the quiet self-possessed stare yet faintly melancholic repose of the sitter’s visage are further complicated by the strong ambiguity of light and dark dividing it, seeming to illustrate emotional conflicts perceived by another of his close friends and revealed in a eulogy to the artist: “His character … was serene and placid, resting on resources within himself. That placidity of the surface was an indication of the depth of the stream that flowed within, whose floods, and swirls, and eddies often caught him from the light and carried him into cavernous depths of shade.”

桑福德·r·吉福德_Sanford R. Gifford-伊士曼·约翰逊
桑福德·R·吉福德_Sanford R. Gifford-伊士曼·约翰逊插图(3)

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